Q. 47 What is forbidden in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment forbiddeth the denying,(k) or not worshipping and glorifying the true God as God,(l) and our God;(m) and the giving of that worship and glory to any other, which is due to him alone.(n)
Q. 105. What are the sins forbidden in the first commandment?
A. The sins forbidden in the first commandment are, atheism, in denying or not having a God [n]; idolatry, in having or worshipping more gods than one, or any with or instead of the true God [o]; the not having and avouching him for God, and our God [p]; the omission or neglect of anything due to him, required in this commandment [q]; ignorance [r], forgetfulness [s], misapprehensions [t], false opinions [v], unworthy and wicked thoughts of him [w]; bold and curious searching into his secrets [x]; all profaneness [y], hatred of God [z]; self-love [a], self-seeking [b], and all other inordinate and immoderate setting of our mind, will, or affections upon other things, and taking them off from him in whole or in part [c]; vain credulity [d], unbelief [e],
heresy [f], mis-belief [g], distrust [h], despair [i], incorrigibleness [k], and insensibleness under judgments [l],
hardness of heart [m], pride [n], presumption [o], carnal security [p], tempting of God [q]; using unlawful means [r], and trusting in lawful means [s]; carnal delights and joys [t]; corrupt, blind, and indiscreet zeal [v]; lukewarmness [w], and deadness in the things of God [x]; estranging ourselves, and apostatizing from God [y]; praying, or giving any religious worship, to saints, angels, or any other creatures [z]; all compacts and consulting with the devil [a], and hearkening to his suggestions [b]; making men the lords of our faith and conscience [c]; slighting and despising God and his commands [d]; resisting and grieving of his Spirit [e], discontent and impatience at his dispensations, charging him foolishly for the evils he inflicts on us [f]; and ascribing the praise of any good we either are, have or can do, to fortune [g], idols [h], ourselves [i], or any other creature [k].
• hardness of heart [m],
[m] Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
• pride [n],
[n] Jeremiah 13:15 Hear ye, and give ear; be not proud: for the LORD hath spoken.
• presumption [o],
[o] Psalm 19:13 Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.
• carnal security [p],
[p] Zephaniah 1:12 And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil.
• tempting of God [q];
[q] Matthew 4:7 Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
• using unlawful means [r],
[r] Romans 3:8 And not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just.
• and trusting in lawful means [s];
[s] Jeremiah 17:5 Thus saith the LORD; Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the LORD.
• carnal delights and joys [t];
[t] 2 Timothy 3:4 Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;
• corrupt, blind, and indiscreet zeal [v];
[v] Galatians 4:17 They zealously affect you, but not well; yea, they would exclude you, that ye might affect them.
John 16:2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.
Romans 10:2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.
Luke 9:54-55 And when his disciples James and John saw this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did? Ver.55 But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of.
• lukewarmness [w],
[w] Revelation 3:16 So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.
• and deadness in the things of God [x];
[x] Revelation 3:1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.
• estranging ourselves, and apostatizing from God [y];
[y] Ezekiel 14:5 That I may take the house of Israel in their own heart, because they are all estranged from me through their idols.
Isaiah 1:4-5 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward. Ver.5 Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.
• praying, or giving any religious worship, to saints, angels, or any other creatures [z];
[z] Romans 10:13-14 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. Ver.14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?
Hosea 4:12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused them to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
Acts 10:25-26 And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him. ver.26 But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man.
Revelation 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
Matthew 4:10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
Colossians 2:18 Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind,
Romans 1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.
• all compacts and consulting with the devil [a],
[a] Leviticus 20:6 And the soul that turneth after such as have familiar spirits, and after wizards, to go a whoring after them, I will even set my face against that soul, and will cut him off from among his people.
1 Samuel 28:7 Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit at Endor. Ver.11 Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel.
Compared with 1 Chronicles 10:13-14 So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it; Ver.14 And enquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.
• and hearkening to his suggestions [b];
[b] Acts 5:3 But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?
• making men the lords of our faith and conscience [c];
[c] 2 Corinthians 1:24 Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith ye stand.
Matthew 23:9 And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.
• slighting and despising God and his commands [d];
[d] Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness; then he forsook God which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
2 Samuel 12:9 Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
Proverbs 13:13 Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed: but he that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded.
• resisting and grieving of his Spirit [e],
[e] Acts 7:51 Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye.
Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
• discontent and impatience at his dispensations, charging him foolishly for the evils he inflicts on us [f];
[f] Psalm 73:2-3 But as for me, my feet were almost gone; my steps had well nigh slipped. Ver.3 For I was envious at the foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the wicked. Ver.13 Verily I have cleansed my heart in vain, and washed my hands in innocency. Ver.14 For all the day long have I been plagued, and chastened every morning. Ver.15 If I say, I will speak thus; behold, I should offend against the generation of thy children. Ver.22 So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a beast before thee.
Job 1:22 In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly.
• and ascribing the praise of any good we either are, have or can do, to fortune [g],
[g] 1 Samuel 6:7-9 Now therefore make a new cart, and take two milch kine, on which there hath come no yoke, and tie the kine to the cart, and bring their calves home from them: Ver.8 And take the ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the cart; and put the jewels of gold, which ye return him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it away, that it may go. Ver.9 And see, if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to Bethshemesh, then he hath done us this great evil: but if not, then we shall know that it is not his hand that smote us: it was a chance that happened to us.
• and ascribing the praise of any good we either are, have or can do, to idols [h],
[h] Daniel 5:23 But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:
• and ascribing the praise of any good we either are, have or can do, to ourselves [i],
[i] Deuteronomy 8:17 And thou say in thine heart, My power and the might of mine hand hath gotten me this wealth.
Daniel 4:30 The king spake, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty?
• or ascribing the praise of any good we either are, have or can do, to any other creature [k].
[k] Habakkuk 1:16 Therefore they sacrifice unto their net, and burn incense unto their drag; because by them their portion is fat, and their meat plenteous.
End of Lesson, Day 70
For Further Study:
- Francis R. Beattie's The Presbyterian Standards
- James Fisher's Catechism on the Catechism
- John Flavel's Exposition of the Assembly's Shorter Catechism (Questions 45 to 48 combined)
- Matthew Henry's A Scripture Catechism in the Method of the Assembly's
- Thomas Vincent's The Shorter Catechism Explained from Scripture
- Thomas Watson's Body of Divinity (Questions 45 to 48 combined)
- John Whitecross' The Shorter Catechism Illustrated