Day 108: The Fifth Commandment, part 3

Westminster Larger Catechism
Q.127. What is the honour that inferiors owe to their superiors?

Q.128. What are the sins of inferiors against their superiors?
A. The sins of inferiors against their superiors are, all neglect of the duties required toward them [y]; envying at [z], contempt of [a], and rebellion [b] against, their persons [c] and places [d], in their lawful counsels [e], commands, and corrections [f]; cursing, mocking [g] and all such refractory and scandalous carriage, as proves a shame and dishonour to them and their government [h].

The sins of inferiors against their superiors are, all neglect of the duties required toward them [y];

[y] Matthew 15:4-6 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. Ver.5 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; Ver.6 And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
Who Counts the Most Important Things of All? - "Good Morning Mrs. Jones"

envying at [z],

[z] Numbers 11:28 And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses, one of his young men, answered and said, "My lord Moses, forbid them!" Ver.29 And Moses said unto him, "Enviest thou for my sake? Would God that all the LORD'S people were prophets, and that the LORD would put His Spirit upon them!"
Elders as Judges

contempt of [a],

[a] 1 Samuel 8:7 And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.
3And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre and took bribes and perverted judgment. 4Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel at Ramah 5 and said unto him, "Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways. Now make us a king to judge us, like all the nations."
[1 Samuel 8: The State as Rejection of God]
Isaiah 3:5 And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the ancient, and the base against the honourable.

and rebellion [b] against,

[b] 2 Samuel 15:1-12 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, etc.
and fifty men to run before him. And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate: and it was so, that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said, Of what city art thou? And he said, Thy servant is of one of the tribes of Israel. And Absalom said unto him, See, thy matters are good and right; but there is no man deputed of the king to hear thee. Absalom said moreover, Oh that I were made judge in the land, that every man which hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him justice! And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him. And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel. And it came to pass after forty years, that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow, which I have vowed unto the LORD, in Hebron. For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If the LORD shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve the LORD. And the king said unto him, Go in peace. So he arose, and went to Hebron. But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron. And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were called; and they went in their simplicity, and they knew not any thing. And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David’s counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.

against their persons [c]

[c] Exodus 21:15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.

and places [d],

[d] 1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought no presents. But he held his peace.
[opposed the king who was himself evidence of rebellion!
Ver. 19 And ye have this day rejected your God, who Himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations, and ye have said unto Him, "Nay, but set a king over us."]

in their lawful counsels [e],

[e] 1 Samuel 2:25 Notwithstanding they [viz. the sons of Eli] hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the LORD would slay them.

commands, and corrections [f];

[f] Deuteronomy 21:18-21 If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them: Ver.19 Then shall his father and his mother lay hold on him, and bring him out unto the elders of his city, and unto the gate of his place; Ver.20 And they shall say unto the elders of his city, This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton, and a drunkard. Ver.21 And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shalt thou put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.
Americans United for Separation of Church and State
[chalcedon article]

cursing, mocking [g]

[g] Proverbs 30:11 There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother. Ver.17 The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.

and all such refractory and scandalous carriage, as proves a shame and dishonour to them and their government [h].

[h] Proverbs 19:26 He that wasteth his father, and chaseth away his mother, is a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach.
Matthew Henry: "The young man who wastes his father's substance, or makes his aged mother destitute, is hateful, and will come to disgrace."
• The true "hate crime."
Proverbs 14:34
Righteousness exalteth a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people.
Proverbs 18:3
When the wicked cometh, then cometh also contempt; and with ignominy, reproach.

End of Lesson, Day 108

For Further Study:

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