Day 111: The Fifth Commandment, part 6

Westminster Larger Catechism Q.131-133

Westminster Larger Catechism
Q.131. What are the duties of equals?
A. The duties of equals are, to regard the dignity and worth of each other [p], in giving honour to go one before another [q]; and to rejoice in each others’ gifts and advancement, as their own [r].

[p] 1 Peter 2:17 Honour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king.

[q] Romans 12:10 Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love; in honour preferring one another;

[r] Romans 12:15-16 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep. Ver.16 Be of the same mind one toward another. Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. Be not wise in your own conceits.
Philippians 2:3-4 Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves. Ver.4 Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others.

"One Another"

1 Peter 5 1The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed: 2Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by compulsion but willingly, not for dishonest gain but eagerly; 3Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being examples to the flock. 4And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away. 5Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.

Westminster Larger Catechism
Q.132. What are the sins of equals?
A. The sins of equals are, besides the neglect of the duties required [s], the undervaluing of the worth [t], envying the gifts [v], grieving at the advancement or prosperity one of another [w]; and usurping pre-eminence one over another [x].

[s] Romans 13:8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.

[t] 2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

[v] Acts 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,
Galatians 5:26 Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.

[w] Numbers 12:2 And they said, Hath the LORD indeed spoken only by Moses? hath he not spoken also by us? And the LORD heard it.
Esther 6:12-13 And Mordecai came again to the king’s gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered. Ver.13 And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every thing that had befallen him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife unto him, If Mordecai be of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to fall, thou shalt not prevail against him, but shalt surely fall before him.

[x] 3 John 9 I wrote unto the church: but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the preeminence among them, receiveth us not.
Luke 22:24 And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest. [cf Mark 10:42-45]

Matthew 23 1 Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to His disciples, 2 saying: “The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat. 3 Therefore whatever they tell you to observe, that observe and do, but do not do according to their works; for they say, and do not do. 4 For they bind heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers. 5 But all their works they do to be seen by men. They make their phylacteries broad and enlarge the borders of their garments. 6 They love the best places at feasts, the best seats in the synagogues, 7 greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called by men, ‘Rabbi, Rabbi.’ 8 But you, do not be called ‘Rabbi’; for One is your Teacher, the Christ, and you are all brethren. 9 Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven. 10 And do not be called teachers; for One is your Teacher, the Christ. 11 But he who is greatest among you shall be your servant. 12 And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.

Q.133. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment, the more to enforce it?
A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment, in these words, That thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee [y], is an express promise of long life and prosperity, as far as it shall serve for God’s glory and their own good, to all such as keep this commandment [z].

[y] Exodus 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

[z] Deuteronomy 5:16 Honour thy father and thy mother, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
1 Kings 8:25 Therefore now, LORD God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my father that thou promisedst him, saying, There shall not fail thee a man in my sight to sit on the throne of Israel; so that thy children take heed to their way, that they walk before me as thou hast walked before me.
Ephesians 6:2-3 Honour thy father and mother; which is the first commandment with promise; Ver.3 That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.

End of Lesson, Day 111

For Further Study:

There is a connection between prosperity and obedience. Deuteronomy 28/Leviticus 26.

Search "prosperity" here: Apologetics Search

Nobody likes the "Prosperity Gospel," but PG dis-connects obedience and prosperity. No PG preacher has studied or teaches any theological work written in the 1640's.

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