Westminster Larger Catechism
Q.134. Which is the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment is, Thou shalt not kill [a].
[a] Exod. 20:13 Thou shalt not kill.
[c] Ephesians 5:28 So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies: he that loveth his wife loveth himself. Ver.29 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church.
[d] 1 Kings 18:4 For it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.
Westminster Larger Catechism
Q.135. What are the duties required in the sixth commandment?
A. The duties required in the sixth commandment are all careful studies, and lawful endeavors, to preserve the life of ourselves [b] and others [c] by resisting all thoughts and purposes [d], subduing all passions [e], and avoiding all occasions [f], temptations [g], and practices, which tend to the unjust taking away the life of any [h]; by just defence thereof against violence [i], patient bearing of the hand of God [k], quietness of mind [l], cheerfulness of spirit [m]; a sober use of meat [n], drink [o], physic [p], sleep [q], labour [r], and recreations [s]; by charitable thoughts [t], love [v], compassion [w], meekness, gentleness, kindness [x]; peaceable [y], mild and courteous speeches and behaviour [z]; forbearance, readiness to be reconciled, patient bearing and forgiving of injuries, and requiting good for evil [a]; comforting and succouring the distressed and protecting and defending the innocent [b].
The duties required in the sixth commandment are all careful studies, and lawful endeavors, to preserve the life of ourselves [b]
[b] Ephesians 5:28-29 So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself. Ver.29 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church:
and others [c]
[c] 1 Kings 18:4 For it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.
by resisting all thoughts and purposes [d],
[d] Jeremiah 25:15 But know ye for certain that if ye put me to death, ye shall surely bring innocent blood upon yourselves and upon this city, and upon the inhabitants thereof; for truly the LORD hath sent me unto you to speak all these words in your ears." Ver.16 Then said the princes and all the people unto the priests and to the prophets, "This man is not worthy to die, for he hath spoken to us in the name of the LORD our God!"
Acts 23:12 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. Ver.16 And when Paul’s sister’s son heard of their lying in wait, he went and entered into the castle, and told Paul. Ver.17 Then Paul called one of the centurions unto him, and said, Bring this young man unto the chief captain: for he hath a certain thing to tell him. Ver.21 But do not thou yield unto them: for there lie in wait for him of them more than forty men, which have bound themselves with an oath, that they will neither eat nor drink till they have killed him: and now are they ready, looking for a promise from thee. Ver.27 This man was taken of the Jews, and should have been killed of them: then came I with an army, and rescued him, having understood that he was a Roman.
subduing all passions [e],
[e] Ephesians 4:26-27 Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath: Ver.27 Neither give place to the devil.
and avoiding all occasions [f],
[f] 2 Samuel 2:22 And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore should I smite thee to the ground?
Deuteronomy 22:8 When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house, if any man fall from thence.
[g] Matthew 4:6-7 And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: — Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
Proverbs 1:10-11 My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not. Ver.11 If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause: Ver.15 My son, walk not thou in the way with them; refrain thy foot from their path: Ver.16 For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.
and practices, which tend to the unjust taking away the life of any [h];
[h] 1 Samuel 24:12 The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD avenge me of thee: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
1 Samuel 26:9-11 And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the Lord’s anointed, and be guiltless? Ver.10 David said furthermore, As the LORD liveth, the LORD shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into battle, and perish. Ver.11 The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine hand against the Lord’s anointed:
Genesis 37:21-22 And Reuben heard it, and he delivered him out of their hands; and said, Let us not kill him. Ver.22 And Reuben said unto them, Shed no blood, but cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no hand upon him; that he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver him to his father again.
by just defence thereof against violence [i],
[i] Psalm 82:4 Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked.
Proverbs 24:11-12 If thou forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those that are ready to be slain; Ver.12 If thou sayest, Behold, we knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider it? and he that keepeth thy soul, doth not he know it? and shall not he render to every man according to his works?
1 Samuel 14:45 And the people said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who hath wrought this great salvation in Israel? God forbid: as the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he hath wrought with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, that he died not.
patient bearing of the hand of God [k],
[k] James 5:7-11 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain. Ver.8 Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh. Ver.9 Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door. Ver.10 Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. Ver.11 Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.
Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?