[a] Exod. 20:13 Thou shalt not kill.
[c] Ephesians 5:28 So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies: he that loveth his wife loveth himself. Ver.29 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church.
[d] 1 Kings 18:4 For it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.
Westminster Larger Catechism
Q.135. What are the duties required in the sixth commandment?
A. The duties required in the sixth commandment are all careful studies, and lawful endeavors, to preserve the life of ourselves [b] and others [c] by resisting all thoughts and purposes [d], subduing all passions [e], and avoiding all occasions [f], temptations [g], and practices, which tend to the unjust taking away the life of any [h]; by just defence thereof against violence [i], patient bearing of the hand of God [k],
The duties required in the sixth commandment include quietness of mind, [l],
[l] 1 Thessalonians 4:11 And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you;
1 Peter 3:3-4 Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning — Ver.4 But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
Psalm 37:8-11 Cease from anger, and forsake wrath: fret not thyself in any wise to do evil. Ver.9 For evildoers shall be cut off: but those that wait upon the LORD, they shall inherit the earth. Ver.10 For yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be: yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place, and it shall not be. Ver.11 But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace.
The duties required in the sixth commandment include cheerfulness of spirit [m];
The duties required in the sixth commandment include a sober use of meat [n],
[n] Proverbs 25:16 Hast thou found honey? eat so much as is sufficient for thee, lest thou be filled therewith, and vomit it. Ver.27 It is not good to eat much honey: .
The duties required in the sixth commandment include a sober use of drink [o],
[o] 1 Timothy 5:23 Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach’s sake and thine often infirmities.
The duties required in the sixth commandment include a sober use of physic, [medicine] [p],
[p] Isaiah 38:21 For Isaiah had said, Let them take a lump of figs, and lay it for a plaister upon the boil, and he shall recover.
The duties required in the sixth commandment include a sober use of sleep [q],
[q] Psalm 127:2 It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for so he giveth his beloved sleep.
The duties required in the sixth commandment include a sober use of labour [r],
[r] Ecclesiastes 5:12 The sleep of a labouring man is sweet, whether he eat little or much: but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep.
2 Thessalonians 3:10 For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat. Ver.12 Now them that are such we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread.
Proverbs 16:26 He that laboureth laboureth for himself; for his mouth craveth it of him.
The duties required in the sixth commandment include a sober use of recreations [s];
[s] Ecclesiastes 3:4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance; Ver.11 He hath made every thing beautiful in his time: also he hath set the world in their heart, etc.
by charitable thoughts [t],
[t] 1 Samuel 19:4-5 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, — Ver.5 For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?
1 Samuel 22:13-14 And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast given him bread, and a sword? — Ver.14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king’s son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house?
[v] Romans 13:10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.
[w] Luke 10:33-34 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on him, Ver.34 And went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
meekness, gentleness, kindness [x];
[x] Colossians 3:12-13 Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering; Ver.13 Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye.
peaceable speeches and behaviour [y],
[y] James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
mild and courteous speeches and behaviour [z];
[z] 1 Peter 3:8-11 Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous: Ver.9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing. Ver.10 For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: Ver.11 Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.
Proverbs 15:1 A soft answer turneth away wrath: but grievous words stir up anger.
Judges 8:1-3 And the men of Ephraim said unto him, Why hast thou served us thus, that thou calledst us not, when thou wentest to fight with the Midianites? And they did chide with him sharply. Ver.2 And he said unto them, What have I done now in comparison of you? Is not the gleaning of the grapes of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer? Ver.3 God hath delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then their anger was abated toward him, when he had said that.
forbearance, readiness to be reconciled, patient bearing and forgiving of injuries, and requiting good for evil [a];
[a] Matthew 5:24 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.
Ephesians 4:2 With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love; Ver.32 And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you.
Romans 12:17 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Ver.20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. Ver.21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
comforting and succouring the distressed and protecting and defending the innocent [b].
[b] 1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men.
Job 31:19-20 If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering; Ver.20 If his loins have not blessed me, and if he were not warmed with the fleece of my sheep;
Matthew 25:35-36 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: Ver.36 Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me.
Proverbs 31:8-9 Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction. Ver.9 Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.
End of Lesson, Day 121
For Further Study:
A "Pro-Life" Life
- The "Works of Mercy" (Matthew 25)
- Abraham as a Model of Community and Government (Genesis 14)
- Private Service Creates Public Order (Mark 10:42-45)
- John Calvin on Romans 12
- refraining from vengeance is not enough
- cutting government programs is not enough