Westminster Shorter Catechism
Q. 70. Which is the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment is, "Thou shalt not commit adultery [f]. "
[f] Exodus 20:14
Westminster Larger Catechism
Q.139. What are the sins forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The sins forbidden in the seventh commandment, besides the neglect of the duties required [n], are, adultery, fornication [o], rape, incest [p], sodomy, and all unnatural lusts [q]; all unclean imaginations, thoughts, purposes, and affections [r]; all corrupt or filthy communications, or listening thereunto [s]; wanton looks [t], impudent or light behaviour, immodest apparel [v]; prohibiting of lawful [w], and dispensing with unlawful marriages [x]; allowing, tolerating, keeping of stews, and resorting to them [y]; entangling vows of single life [z], undue delay of marriage [a], having more wives or husbands than one at the same time [b]; unjust divorce [c], or desertion [d]; idleness, gluttony, drunkenness [e], unchaste
company [f]; lascivious songs, books, pictures, dancings, stage plays [g]; and all other provocations to, or acts of uncleanness, either in ourselves or others [h].
The sins forbidden in the seventh commandment, besides the neglect of the duties required [n],
[n] Proverbs 5:7 Hear me now therefore, O ye children, and depart not from the words of my mouth.
are, adultery, fornication [o],
[o] Hebrews 13:4 Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.
Galatians 5:19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
rape, incest [p],
[p] 2 Samuel 13:14 Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with her.
1 Corinthians 5:1 It is reported commonly that there is fornication among you, and such fornication as is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his father’s wife.
sodomy, and all unnatural lusts [q];
[q] Romans 1:24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: Ver.26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: Ver.27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.
Leviticus 20:15-16 And if a man lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death: and ye shall slay the beast. Ver.16 And if a woman approach unto any beast, and lie down thereto, thou shalt kill the woman, and the beast: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.
all unclean imaginations, thoughts, purposes, and affections [r];
[r] Matthew 5:28 But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:
Colossians 3:5 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness [pleonexia], which is idolatry:
- Romans 7:7 - [In ContextRead ChapterOriginal Greek]
- What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. Ver.8 But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.
- Romans 1:24 - [In ContextRead ChapterOriginal Greek]
- Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:
- Romans 6:12 - [In ContextRead ChapterOriginal Greek]
- Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.
- Romans 13:14 - [In ContextRead ChapterOriginal Greek]
- But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.
all corrupt or filthy communications, or listening thereunto [s];
[s] Ephesians 5:3-4 But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness [Pleonexia], let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints; Ver.4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.
Proverbs 7:5 That they may keep thee from the strange woman, from the stranger which flattereth with her words. Ver.21 With her much fair speech she caused him to yield, with the flattering of her lips she forced him. Ver.22 He goeth after her straightway, as an ox goeth to the slaughter, or as a fool to the correction of the stocks;
[t] Isaiah 3:16 Moreover the LORD saith, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet:
2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:
impudent or light behaviour, immodest apparel [v];
[v] Proverbs 7:10 And, behold, there met him a woman with the attire of an harlot, and subtil of heart. Ver.13 So she caught him, and kissed him, and with an impudent face said unto him,
prohibiting of lawful [w],
[w] 1 Timothy 4:3 Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.
and dispensing with unlawful marriages [x];
[x] Leviticus 18 from Verse 1 to 21
Mark 6:18 For John had said unto Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother’s wife.
Malachi 2:11 Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath profaned the holiness of the LORD which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god. Ver.12 The LORD will cut off the man that doeth this, the master and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that offereth an offering unto the LORD of hosts.
[y] 1 Kings 15:12 And he took away the sodomites out of the land, and removed all the idols that his fathers had made.
2 Kings 23:7 And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove.
Deuteronomy 23:17-18 There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel. Ver.18 Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the LORD thy God.
Leviticus 19:29 Do not prostitute thy daughter, to cause her to be a whore; lest the land fall to whoredom, and the land become full of wickedness.
Jeremiah 5:7 How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots’ houses.
Proverbs 7:24-27 Hearken unto me now therefore, O ye children, and attend to the words of my mouth. Ver.25 Let not thine heart decline to her ways, go not astray in her paths. Ver.26 For she hath cast down many wounded: yea, many strong men have been slain by her. Ver.27 Her house is the way to hell, going down to the chambers of death.
entangling vows of single life [z],
[z] Matthew 19:10-11 His disciples say unto him, If the case of the man be so with his wife, it is not good to marry. Ver.11 But he said unto them, All men cannot receive this saying, save they to whom it is given.
undue delay of marriage [a],
[a] 1 Corinthians 7:7-9 For I would that all men were even as I myself. But every man hath his proper gift of God, one after this manner, and another after that. Ver.8 I say therefore to the unmarried and widows, it is good for them if they abide even as I. Ver.9 But if they cannot contain, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn.
Genesis 38:26 And Judah acknowledged them, and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more.
having more wives or husbands than one at the same time [b];
[b] Malachi 2:14-15 Yet ye say, Wherefore? Because the LORD hath been witness between thee and the wife of thy youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherously: yet is she thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant. Ver.15 And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.
Matthew 19:5 And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh?
Westminster Confession of Faith
Chapter XXIV. Of Marriage and Divorce
I. Marriage is to be between one man and one woman: neither is it lawful for any man to have more than one wife, nor for any woman to have more than one husband, at the same time [a].
[a] Genesis 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Matthew 19:5 And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh? Ver.6 Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
Proverbs 2:17 Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God.
End of Lesson, Day 128
For Further Study:
CHAPTER XXIV. - Of Marriage and Divorce - Commentary by Gordon H. Clark
Chapter XXIV. Of Marriage and Divorce - Exposition by Robert Shaw
Chapter 24: Of Marriage and Divorce - Commentary by A.A. Hodge