Westminster Larger Catechism
Q.139. What are the sins forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The sins forbidden in the seventh commandment, besides the neglect of the duties required [n], are, adultery, fornication [o], rape, incest [p], sodomy, and all unnatural lusts [q]; all unclean imaginations, thoughts, purposes, and affections [r]; all corrupt or filthy communications, or listening thereunto [s]; wanton looks [t], impudent or light behaviour, immodest apparel [v];
prohibiting of lawful [w], and dispensing with unlawful marriages [x]; allowing, tolerating, keeping of stews, and resorting to them [y]; entangling vows of single life [z], undue delay of marriage [a], having more wives or husbands than one at the same time [b];
unjust divorce [c], or desertion [d]; idleness, gluttony, drunkenness [e], unchaste company [f]; lascivious songs, books, pictures, dancings, stage plays [g]; and all other provocations to, or acts of uncleanness, either in ourselves or others [h].
unjust divorce [c],
[c] Malachi 2:16 For the LORD, the God of Israel, saith that he hateth putting away: for one covereth violence with his garment, saith the LORD of hosts: therefore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not treacherously.
Matthew 5:32 But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery.
or desertion [d];
[d] 1 Corinthians 7:12-13 But to the rest speak I, not the Lord: If any brother hath a wife that believeth not, and she be pleased to dwell with him, let him not put her away. Ver.13 And the woman which hath an husband that believeth not, and if he be pleased to dwell with her, let her not leave him.
idleness, gluttony, drunkenness [e],
[e] Ezekiel 16:49 Behold, this was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy.
Proverbs 23:30-33 They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine. Ver.31 Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself aright. Ver.32 At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder. Ver.33 Thine eyes shall behold strange women, and thine heart shall utter perverse things.
unchaste company [f];
[f] Genesis 39:10 And it came to pass, as she spake to Joseph day by day, that he hearkened not unto her, to lie by her, or to be with her.
Proverbs 5:8 Remove thy way far from her, and come not nigh the door of her house:
lascivious songs, books, pictures, dancings, stage plays [g];
[g] Ephesians 5:4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.
Ezekiel 23:14-16 And that she increased her whoredoms: for when she saw men pourtrayed upon the wall, the images of the Chaldeans pourtrayed with vermilion, Ver.15 Girded with girdles upon their loins, exceeding in dyed attire upon their heads, all of them princes to look to, after the manner of the Babylonians of Chaldea, the land of their nativity: Ver.16 And as soon as she saw them with her eyes, she doted upon them, and sent messengers unto them into Chaldea.
Isaiah 23:15-17 And it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre shall be forgotten seventy years, according to the days of one king: after the end of seventy years shall Tyre sing as an harlot. Ver.16 Take an harp, go about the city, thou harlot that hast been forgotten; make sweet melody, sing many songs, that thou mayest be remembered. Ver.17 And it shall come to pass after the end of seventy years, that the LORD will visit Tyre, and she shall turn to her hire, and shall commit fornication with all the kingdoms of the world upon the face of the earth.
Isaiah 3:16 Moreover the LORD saith, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet:—
Mark 6:22 And when the daughter of the said Herodias came in, and danced, and pleased Herod and them that sat with him, the king said unto the damsel, Ask of me whatsoever thou wilt, and I will give it thee.
Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
and all other provocations to, or acts of uncleanness, either in ourselves or others [h].
[h] 2 Kings 9:30 And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; and she painted her face, and tired her head, and looked out at a window.
Compared with Jeremiah 4:30 And when thou art spoiled, what wilt thou do? Though thou clothest thyself with crimson, though thou deckest thee with ornaments of gold, though thou rentest thy face with painting, in vain shalt thou make thyself fair; thy lovers will despise thee, they will seek thy life.
And with Ezekiel 23:40 And furthermore, that ye have sent for men to come from far, unto whom a messenger was sent; and, lo, they came: for whom thou didst wash thyself, paintedst thy eyes, and deckedst thyself with ornaments,
Westminster Confession of Faith
Chapter XXIV. Of Marriage and Divorce
II. Marriage was ordained for the mutual help of husband and wife [b], for the increase of mankind with a legitimate issue, and of the Church with an holy seed [c]; and for preventing of uncleanness [d].
[b] Genesis 2:18 And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
[c] Malachi 2:15 And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.
[d] 1 Corinthians 7:2 Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband. Ver.9 But if they cannot contain, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn.
III. It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry, who are able with judgment to give their consent [e]. Yet it is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord [f]. And therefore such as profess the true reformed religion should not marry with infidels, Papists, or other idolaters: neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notoriously wicked in their life, or maintain damnable heresies [g].
It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry, who are able with judgment to give their consent [e].
[e] Hebrews 13:4 Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.
1 Timothy 4:3 Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.
1 Corinthians 7:36 But if any man think that he behaveth himself uncomely toward his virgin, if she pass the flower of her age, and need so require, let him do what he will, he sinneth not: let them marry. Ver.37 Nevertheless he that standeth stedfast in his heart, having no necessity, but hath power over his own will, and hath so decreed in his heart that he will keep his virgin, doeth well. Ver.38 So then he that giveth her in marriage doeth well; but he that giveth her not in marriage doeth better.
Genesis 24:57 And they said, We will call the damsel, and inquire at her mouth. Ver.58 And they called Rebekah, and said unto her, Wilt thou go with this man? And she said, I will go.
Yet it is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord [f].
[f] 1 Corinthians 7:39 The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband liveth; but if her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord.
And therefore such as profess the true reformed religion should not marry with infidels, Papists, or other idolaters: neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notoriously wicked in their life, or maintain damnable heresies [g].
[g] Genesis 34:14 And they said unto them, We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that were a reproach unto us.
Exodus 34:16 And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods.
Deuteronomy 7:3 Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son. Ver.4 For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the Lord be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly.
1 Kings 11:4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the Lord his God, as was the heart of David his father.
Nehemiah 13:25 And I contended with them, and cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them swear by God, saying, Ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves. Ver.26 Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? yet among many nations was there no king like him, who was beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel: nevertheless even him did outlandish women cause to sin. Ver.27 Shall we then hearken unto you to do all this great evil, to transgress against our God in marrying strange wives?
Malachi 2:11 Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath profaned the holiness of the Lord which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god. Ver.12 The Lord will cut off the man that doeth this, the master and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that offereth an offering unto the Lord of hosts.
2 Corinthians 6:14 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?
End of Lesson, Day 129
For Further Study:
CHAPTER XXIV. - Of Marriage and Divorce - Commentary by Gordon H. Clark
Chapter XXIV. Of Marriage and Divorce - Exposition by Robert Shaw
Chapter 24: Of Marriage and Divorce - Commentary by A.A. Hodge