Westminster Larger Catechism
Q.141. What are the duties required in the eighth commandment?
A. The duties required in the eighth commandment are, truth, faithfulness, and justice in contracts and commerce between man and man [k]; rendering to everyone his due [l]; restitution of goods unlawfully detained from the right owners thereof [m]; giving and lending freely, according to our abilities, and the necessities of others [n];
moderation of our judgments, wills, and affections concerning worldly goods [o]; a provident care and study to get [p], keep, use, and dispose these things which are necessary and convenient for the sustentation of our nature, and suitable to our condition [q]; a lawful calling [r], and diligence in it [s]; frugality [t]; avoiding unnecessary lawsuits [v], and suretiship, or other like engagements [w]; and an endeavor, by all just and lawful means, to procure, preserve, and further the wealth and outward estate of others, as well as our own [x].
moderation of our judgments, wills, and affections concerning worldly goods [o];
[o] 1 Timothy 6:6-9 But godliness with contentment is great gain. Ver.7 For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. Ver.8 And having food and raiment let us be therewith content. Ver.9 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition.
Galatians 6:14 But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our LORD Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world.
a provident care and study to get [p],
[p] 1 Timothy 5:8 But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.
keep, use, and dispose these things which are necessary and convenient for the sustentation of our nature, and suitable to our condition [q];
[q] Proverbs 27 from Verse 23 to the end Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, and look well to thy herds. Ver.24 For riches are not for ever—:
Ecclesiastes 2:24 There is nothing better for a man, than that he should eat and drink, and that he should make his soul enjoy good in his labour. This also I saw, that it was from the hand of God.
Ecclesiastes 3:12-13 I know that there is no good in them, but for a man to rejoice, and to do good in his life. Ver.13 And also that every man should eat and drink, and enjoy the good of all his labour, it is the gift of God.
1 Timothy 6:17-18 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; Ver.18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;
Isaiah 38:1 In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came unto him, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Set thine house in order: for thou shalt die, and not live.
Matthew 11:8 Behold, they that wear soft clothing are in kings’ houses.
a lawful calling [r],
[r] 1 Corinthians 7:20 Let every man abide in the same calling wherein he was called.
Genesis 2:15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; etc.
For Further Study:
- Calling and Occupation
- Calling vs. Occupation: How to Find Out What You Should Do With Your Life
- CONFIDENCE IN YOUR CALLING
- When I think of my calling, I get a dial tone
- Three Career Role Models
and diligence in it [s];
[s] Ephesians 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth.
Proverbs 10:4 He becometh poor that dealeth with a slack hand: but the hand of the diligent maketh rich.
[t] John 6:12 When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost.
Proverbs 21:20 There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up.
avoiding unnecessary lawsuits [v],
[v] 1 Corinthians 6 from Verse 1 to 9 Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints? etc.
For Further Study:
and suretiship, or other like engagements [w];
[w] Proverbs 6 from Verse 1 to 6 My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, if thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger, Ver.2 Thou art snared with the words of thy mouth, etc.
Proverbs 11:15 He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.
and an endeavor, by all just and lawful means, to procure, preserve, and further the wealth and outward estate of others, as well as our own [x].
[x] Leviticus 25:35 And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: yea, though he be a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee.
Deuteronomy 22:1-5 Thou shalt not see thy brother’s ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt in any case bring them again unto thy brother. Ver.2 And if thy brother be not nigh unto thee, or if thou know him not, then thou shalt bring it unto thine own house, and it shall be with thee until thy brother seek after it, and thou shalt restore it to him again. Ver.3 In like manner shalt thou do with his ass; and so shalt thou do with his raiment; and with all lost thing of thy brother’s, which he hath lost, and thou hast found, shalt thou do likewise: thou mayest not hide thyself. Ver.4 Thou shalt not see thy brother’s ass or his ox fall down by the way, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt surely help him to lift them up again.
Exodus 23:4-5 If thou meet thine enemy’s ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again. Ver.5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.
Genesis 47:14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn which they bought: and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house. Ver.20 And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for the Egyptians sold every man his field, because the famine prevailed over them: so the land became Pharaoh’s.
Philippians 2:4 Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others.
Matthew 22:39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
End of Lesson, Day 132
More "For Further Study"
- "Abraham was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold" (Genesis 13:2). Abraham: Model of Virtue
- Why We Need Rich People » The American Vision
- The Pursuit of Limitless Wealth
- The Eighth Commandment: A Politician's Moral Inventory